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Adding CSS Styles to a Host Element in Angular

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Different types of Component Selectors in Angular


Angular provides a robust way to build dynamic web applications. One essential aspect of web development is styling, and Angular makes it easy to add CSS styles to a host element. In this blog, we will explore how to achieve this with Angular.

Understanding Host Elements

In Angular, each component is associated with a host element, which is the element in the HTML where the component is rendered. When you create a component, Angular creates this host element for you and inserts your component’s template into it. You can leverage this host element to apply CSS styles specific to your component.

Using Host Binding

Angular provides a convenient way to apply styles to the host element using the @HostBinding decorator. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to do this:

Step 1: Import the necessary modules

Before we dive into the code, make sure to import the HostBinding decorator from Angular core:

import { Component, HostBinding } from '@angular/core';

Step 2: Use the HostBinding decorator

Inside your component class, you can use the @HostBinding decorator to apply CSS styles to the host element. For example, let’s say you want to set the background color of your host element:

  selector: 'app-custom-component',
  template: '<p>This is a custom component</p>',
  styleUrls: ['./custom-component.component.css']
export class CustomComponent {
  @HostBinding('style.backgroundColor') backgroundColor = 'lightblue';

In this code, we use @HostBinding('style.backgroundColor') to bind the backgroundColor property of our component to the style.backgroundColor of the host element. This means that whenever the backgroundColor property changes, Angular will automatically update the background color of the host element.

Step 3: Apply styles dynamically

Now, you can dynamically change the background color of the host element by simply modifying the backgroundColor property in your component. For instance, in response to a user action or some application logic:

changeBackgroundColor() {
  this.backgroundColor = 'pink';

By calling changeBackgroundColor(), the background color of the host element will update to pink.


Adding CSS styles to a host element in Angular is a straightforward process using the @HostBinding decorator. This allows you to encapsulate styles within your component, ensuring a clean and modular design for your Angular application. Remember that you can apply this technique to various CSS properties, giving you fine-grained control over the appearance of your components.

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Aanchal Agarwal is a Software Consultant at NashTech. Her practice area is web development. She is recognized as a multi-talented, multitasker, and adaptive to the different work environments. Her hobbies include watching movies, listening to music, and traveling. She likes to read books and explore new things.

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