Here’s Some Perspective on Agile Development Frameworks
Agility is contextualized as a way of life as agile principles (frameworks) can be applied to all challenges – be it to help your child ace their math exam, to help you train for a marathon, or to help a client migrate to the cloud with no breaks in business!
What is Agile (Software Development Approach/Methodology)?
Agile methodology is an approach to project management that emphasizes flexibility, collaboration, and rapid iteration. It originated in the software development industry but has since been applied to a wide range of industries and projects. The Agile Manifesto, published in 2001, outlines the core values and principles of the agile approach.
Agile Methodology acts as a pivot amongst other prevalent software development life cycle approaches like Waterfall Model, RAD Model, Spiral Model, V-Model, Incremental Model, Iterative Model, Big-Bang Model, and Prototype Model.
Image: How does Agile Software Methodology look like?
How does it work?
Agile breaks down the entire process of software development into small chunks or iterations or sprints. Every small build that we get after every sprint is presentation and complete in itself. This division of the entire project into smaller parts helps to minimize the project risk and reduce the overall project delivery time requirements. Every iteration involves a team of designers, developers, and test engineers working through a full software development life cycle including project planning, requirement analysis, UI design, development or coding, and testing across multiple phases starting from unit tests. All this and a little more before the working product is demonstrated to the client.
What are Agile frameworks?
- Lean: A framework for minimizing waste and maximizing value, often used in manufacturing and service industries. Lean-Agile Software Development (LASD) framework combines the principles of Lean with Agile methodologies such as Scrum and Kanban to create a comprehensive approach to software development.
- Scrum: Scrum is an agile framework that emphasizes teamwork, collaboration, and iterative development. It uses a time-boxed approach, known as sprints, to deliver working software in small increments. It provides a framework for iterative development, where the team focuses on delivering small, incremental improvements to the software. It emphasizes collaboration, flexibility, and continuous improvement, and it is designed to be adaptable to changing requirements and feedback.Scrum can be used in product backlog creation, sprint planning, daily scrum meetings, sprint review, sprint retrospective, repeat.
- Kanban: Kanban is an agile framework that focuses on visualizing work, limiting work in progress, and delivering small batches of work frequently. It uses a Kanban board to visualize the flow of work.
- Extreme Programming (XP): XP is an agile framework that emphasizes coding practices such as continuous integration, testing, and refactoring, as well as teamwork and communication. It aims to deliver high-quality software quickly and efficiently.
- Feature Driven Development (FDD): FDD is an agile framework that focuses on feature-driven development, where development is driven by a set of high-level features. It emphasizes collaboration and communication between developers and stakeholders.
- Dynamic Systems Development Model (DSDM): DSDM is an agile framework that emphasizes rapid development and delivery of software, while maintaining a focus on quality and user needs. It uses time-boxed iterations, called timeboxes, to deliver working software in small increments.
- Adaptive Software Development (ASD): ASD is an agile framework that focuses on adapting to changing requirements and feedback. It emphasizes collaboration, feedback, and continuous improvement.
- Crystal: Crystal is an agile framework that emphasizes people and interactions over processes and tools. It is designed to be adaptable to different project sizes and environments.
- Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe): SAFe is an agile framework that aims to scale agile practices to larger organizations. It uses a hierarchical structure of teams, programs, and portfolios to coordinate work and ensure alignment with business goals.
What is the relevance of Agile Principles?
Agile principles are a set of guiding values and beliefs that underpin the Agile approach to project management. These principles include prioritizing customer satisfaction, welcoming change, and empowering self-organizing teams. The relevance of Agile principles lies in its ability to enable teams to respond to changing requirements and customer needs quickly and efficiently. These provide a framework for teams to work together effectively and deliver value to customers in a constantly changing environment. The Agile Manifesto, published in 2001, outlines the four key values and twelve principles of Agile.
How do Agile Principles differ from Agile Frameworks?
Agile frameworks, on the other hand, are specific methodologies or sets of practices that implement the Agile approach. Examples of Agile frameworks include Scrum, Kanban, and Lean. These frameworks provide specific guidance on how to apply Agile principles in practice, such as how to organize work, plan iterations, and manage team collaboration.
While Agile frameworks are based on Agile principles, they are not the same thing. Agile principles are broad guiding values that apply to any Agile approach, whereas Agile frameworks are specific methodologies that provide detailed guidance on how to implement Agile principles in practice.
Where can you go from here?
Agile frameworks are used by a wide range of organizations and industries, including software development, marketing, education, healthcare, government, and finance. Agile methodologies are popular because they emphasize collaboration, flexibility, and continuous improvement, which can lead to better results and happier teams. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) implemented Agile as a lifestyle via mini projects (3 days) and experiential. Their Agile coaches help learner groups in decomposing real world problem and work in sprints as scrum teams accomplish every goal. This shatters legacy led cultural mindsets about work, and thinks of team with no leadership hierarchy. Further, it fosters learning, emabraces risk, and pushes problem solving. This brings about behavioural transformation in a short period of time.
Some of the most popular agile frameworks include Scrum, Kanban, Lean, and Extreme Programming (XP). These frameworks are often used by software development teams to improve their processes, increase productivity, and deliver high-quality software faster. Each framework has its own unique set of practices and techniques, but they all share the common goal of delivering high-quality results in a flexible and collaborative manner.
However, agile principles and practices have been adapted and applied to other areas beyond software development, such as project management, product development, and even personal productivity.