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Ensuring Azure AKS Cluster Monitoring is Enabled Using Terraform

Atisha Shaurya
Atisha Shaurya
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Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) simplifies deploying, managing, and scaling containerized applications using Kubernetes in the Azure cloud. Monitoring your AKS clusters is crucial for gaining insights into their performance, health, and activities. Azure offers robust monitoring capabilities through Azure Monitor and Azure Log Analytics. In this blog post, we’ll explore the importance of AKS cluster monitoring and guide you through enabling it using Terraform.

Why Monitor Your AKS Cluster?

Monitoring your AKS cluster offers several key benefits:

  • Performance Optimization: Monitor resource usage and performance metrics to identify bottlenecks and optimize resource allocation.
  • Troubleshooting: Quickly diagnose and resolve issues with access to detailed logs, events, and container telemetry.
  • Scaling Decisions: Make informed scaling decisions based on metrics and resource usage trends to ensure your applications are responsive and cost-effective.
  • Security: Detect and respond to security threats and vulnerabilities by monitoring cluster activities and access patterns.

Enabling AKS Cluster Monitoring with Terraform

To ensure that your AKS cluster uses Azure Monitor and Azure Log Analytics for monitoring, follow these steps using Terraform:

1. Install Terraform

If you haven’t already, install Terraform by following the official installation guide: Terraform Installation Guide.

2. Authenticate Azure CLI

Ensure you are authenticated with your Azure subscription using the Azure CLI:

az login

3. Create a Terraform Configuration

Create a new directory for your Terraform configuration and create a .tf file, e.g., Add the following content to enable monitoring:

provider "azurerm" {
  features {}

resource "azurerm_resource_group" "aks" {
  name     = "aks-rg"
  location = "East US"

resource "azurerm_kubernetes_cluster" "example" {
  name                = "aks-cluster"
  location            = azurerm_resource_group.aks.location
  resource_group_name =
  dns_prefix          = "myakscluster"

  default_node_pool {
    name       = "default"
    node_count = 1
    vm_size    = "Standard_D2s_v3"

  addon_profile {
    oms_agent {
      enabled                    = true
      log_analytics_workspace_id  =

resource "azurerm_log_analytics_workspace" "example" {
  name                = "my-log-analytics"
  location            = azurerm_resource_group.aks.location
  resource_group_name =
  sku                 = "PerGB2018"

In this Terraform configuration:

  • We specify the Azure provider.
  • We create an Azure Resource Group and an AKS cluster.
  • In the addon_profile, we enable the Azure Monitor for Containers (formerly known as Container Insights) add-on.
  • We specify the Log Analytics workspace ID, required for storing monitoring data.

4. Initialize and Apply the Configuration

Navigate to the directory where your Terraform configuration file is located. Initialize Terraform by running:

terraform init
terraform apply

Then, apply the configuration to create the cluster with monitoring enabled.

Terraform will prompt you to confirm the creation of resources. Enter yes to proceed.

5. Verify AKS Cluster Monitoring

After Terraform completes the deployment, you can verify that monitoring is enabled for your AKS cluster:

  • Access the Azure portal, navigate to your AKS cluster, and open the “Monitoring” section to view container insights, performance metrics, and logs.
  • You can also use Azure Monitor and Azure Log Analytics to create custom alerts and queries to monitor and troubleshoot your AKS cluster effectively.


Enabling monitoring for your Azure Kubernetes Service clusters is a critical step in ensuring their performance, security, and reliability. By using Terraform to automate the process, you can consistently and efficiently enable monitoring for your AKS clusters, allowing you to gain valuable insights and make informed decisions about the health and performance of your containerized applications.

Atisha Shaurya

Atisha Shaurya

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