NashTech Insights

Angular Classes with NgClass

Table of Contents
Angular Classes with NgClass


Angular offers a variety of tools and features to build dynamic and responsive web applications. One of the key aspects of building user interfaces in Angular is manipulating CSS classes to change the appearance and behavior of elements. The NgClass directive is a fundamental tool in Angular that allows you to dynamically add or remove CSS classes based on certain conditions or user interactions. In this blog, we will explore the NgClass directive and how it can be used to enhance your Angular applications.

Understanding the NgClass Directive

The NgClass directive is part of the Angular core and is used to apply CSS classes conditionally to HTML elements. It allows you to add or remove CSS classes based on expressions in your component’s template. This dynamic class binding is extremely useful for creating responsive designs, handling user interactions, and providing feedback to users.

Basic Usage of NgClass

Let’s start with a simple example to understand the basic usage of the NgClass directive. Imagine you have a button element, and you want to apply a CSS class called “active” when a user clicks on it.

<button [ngClass]="isActive ? 'active' : ''" (click)="toggleActive()">Toggle Active</button>

In this example, we bind the ngClass directive to an expression that checks the value of the isActive property in our component. If isActive is true, the “active” class is applied; otherwise, it’s removed. The (click) event triggers the toggleActive() method to change the isActive property when the button is clicked.

Applying Multiple Classes

You can apply multiple classes using NgClass by providing an object where keys represent class names and values are expressions that determine whether to add or remove the class. Here’s an example:

<div [ngClass]="{ 'active': isActive, 'disabled': isDisabled }">Dynamic Div</div>

In this case, the “active” class is added when isActive is true, and the “disabled” class is added when isDisabled is true. This approach is particularly useful when you need to manage several class conditions simultaneously.

Using NgClass with NgFor

NgClass also plays well with the ngFor directive, allowing you to apply classes dynamically to a list of elements. Consider the following example where we want to highlight selected items in a list:

  <li *ngFor="let item of items"
      [ngClass]="{ 'selected': item.isSelected }"
    {{ }}

Here, we iterate through the items array using ngFor. For each item, we use ngClass to conditionally apply the “selected” class based on the isSelected property of the item. The (click) event triggers the toggleSelection(item) method, allowing users to toggle the selection of an item.

NgClass with Conditional Styling

One of the powerful use cases of NgClass is conditional styling. You can dynamically change the appearance of elements based on various conditions. For example, you might want to change the text color of a temperature display based on whether it’s hot, moderate, or cold:

<span [ngClass]="{
  'hot': temperature > 30,
  'moderate': temperature >= 20 && temperature <= 30,
  'cold': temperature < 20
  Current Temperature: {{ temperature }}°C

In this example, we apply the “hot,” “moderate,” or “cold” class based on the value of the temperature property.


The NgClass directive in Angular is a versatile tool for adding or removing CSS classes dynamically in your web applications. Whether you want to create responsive designs, handle user interactions, or provide visual feedback, NgClass can help you achieve your goals with ease. By harnessing the power of NgClass along with other Angular features, you can create more interactive and user-friendly applications that adapt to changing conditions and user actions.

Finally, for more such updates and to read more about such topics, please follow our LinkedIn page Frontend Competency



Aanchal Agarwal is a Software Consultant at NashTech. Her practice area is web development. She is recognized as a multi-talented, multitasker, and adaptive to the different work environments. Her hobbies include watching movies, listening to music, and traveling. She likes to read books and explore new things.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Suggested Article

%d bloggers like this: