NashTech Insights

Angular Required Input: Ensuring Data Integrity

Alka Vats
Alka Vats
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In Angular, input properties are a powerful mechanism for passing data from a parent component to a child component. When working with input properties, it’s essential to validate the data and ensure that certain inputs are required for the component to function correctly.

In this blog post, we will explore the concept of required input in Angular and how it helps enforce data integrity. We will provide detailed explanations and examples to demonstrate how to use the required input in your Angular components effectively.

If you want to learn about a new feature of angular, you can refer here.

Understanding Required Input:

The required input is a feature in Angular that allows you to specify that certain input properties must be provided when using a component. By marking an input property as required, you ensure that the component receives the necessary data to function correctly. If the required input is not provided, Angular will throw an error, alerting you to the missing data.

Example: Creating a Component with Required Input

Let’s consider a simple example a UserCardComponent that displays user information. The UserCardComponent requires a user object as input to render the user’s name and email address. Here’s how you can define the component with the required input:

import { Component, Input } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-user-card',
  template: `
    <div class="user-card">
      <h2>{{ }}</h2>
      <p>{{ }}</p>
export class UserCardComponent {
  @Input() user!: User; // Marking input as required using "!"

  // Component logic...

In the above example, the @Input() decorator is used to define the user property as an input. The ! operator indicates that the property is required. If the user input is not provided when using the UserCardComponent, Angular will throw an error.

Using Required Input in Templates:

When working with required input in Angular templates, you can leverage template expressions and conditional rendering to handle the absence of required input gracefully.

For example, you can use the *ngIf directive to conditionally render the component only if the required input is provided:

<app-user-card *ngIf="user" [user]="user"></app-user-card>

In the above code snippet, the UserCardComponent is only rendered if the user input is truthy. This ensures that the component is only displayed when the required input is available.

Error Handling and Validation:

If a required input is not provided, Angular will throw an error indicating the missing input property. You can catch and handle these errors by implementing error-handling mechanisms, such as using error boundaries or providing fallback values for missing inputs.

Additionally, you can use Angular’s built-in validation mechanisms, such as template-driven or reactive forms, to validate inputs before they reach the component.


The required input is a valuable feature in Angular that helps enforce data integrity and ensures that components receive the necessary data to function correctly. By marking input properties as required, you can catch missing inputs early and prevent issues caused by incomplete or invalid data. The examples provided in this blog post demonstrate how to use required input effectively and handle missing input scenarios gracefully. By utilizing the required input, you can create more robust and reliable Angular components.

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Alka Vats

Alka Vats

Alka Vats is a Software Consultant at Nashtech. She is passionate about web development. She is recognized as a good team player, a dedicated and responsible professional, and a technology enthusiast. She is a quick learner & curious to learn new technologies. Her hobbies include reading books, watching movies, and traveling.

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