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Basics of Dependency Injection in Angular

Table of Contents
Dependency Injection


Dependency Injection is a fundamental concept in Angular that plays a crucial role in structuring and managing the components of your application. It promotes modular design, reusability, and testability, making your codebase more maintainable and scalable. In this blog, we’ll delve into the basics of Dependency Injection in Angular and understand why it’s an essential aspect of modern web development.

Understanding Dependency Injection

At its core, Dependency Injection is a design pattern that addresses the issue of tight coupling between components by allowing you to provide dependencies to a class from the outside, rather than creating them internally. This promotes the separation of concerns and makes your application more flexible and easily maintainable.

In Angular, Dependency Injection is integrated into the framework itself, making it effortless for developers to manage dependencies and facilitate the development process.

Key Concepts

1. Providers: Providers are the source of dependencies in Angular. They are responsible for creating and managing instances of the required services. Services can be injected into components, directives, or other services through their respective constructors.

2. Injectors: Injectors are responsible for resolving and providing dependencies to classes that request them. Angular’s hierarchical injector tree ensures that each component gets the appropriate instances of its required services.

3. Injectable Decorator: To enable dependency injection, you need to decorate your services with the @Injectable() decorator. This decorator allows Angular’s DI system to understand how to provide instances of the service.


Let’s walk through a simple example to illustrate the concept of Dependency Injection in Angular.

Suppose we have a service called UserService that handles user-related data and functionality. Here’s how you would define the service:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

  providedIn: 'root'
export class UserService {
  getUsers(): string[] {
    return ['User 1', 'User 2', 'User 3'];

In this example, we’ve marked the UserService with the @Injectable decorator. The providedIn:'root' option indicates that this service should be available throughout the application.

Now, let’s inject this service into a component:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { UserService } from './user.service';

  selector: 'app-user-list',
  template: `
    <h2>User List</h2>
      <li *ngFor="let user of users">{{ user }}</li>
export class UserListComponent {
  users: string[];

  constructor(private userService: UserService) {
    this.users = this.userService.getUsers();

In this example, we’ve injected the UserService into the UserListComponent constructor, allowing us to access its methods and data.

Benefits of Dependency Injection

1. Modular Design: Dependency Injection encourages the separation of concerns by allowing you to define and manage components independently. This makes your codebase more modular and easier to maintain.

2. Reusability: With Dependency Injection, services can be easily reused across multiple components, reducing code duplication and improving overall efficiency.

3. Testability: Dependency Injection simplifies unit testing, as you can easily mock or replace dependencies with test-specific implementations.

4. Flexibility: You can swap out dependencies or update them without extensively modifying existing code, making your application more adaptable to changes.


Dependency Injection is a fundamental concept in Angular that enhances code maintainability, reusability, and testability. By understanding the basic concepts of providers, injectors, and the @Injectable decorator, you can harness the power of Dependency Injection to build more organized, efficient, and scalable applications.

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Aanchal Agarwal is a Software Consultant at NashTech. Her practice area is web development. She is recognized as a multi-talented, multitasker, and adaptive to the different work environments. Her hobbies include watching movies, listening to music, and traveling. She likes to read books and explore new things.

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