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Change Detection in Angular

Alka Vats
Alka Vats
Table of Contents


Change detection is a fundamental concept in Angular that is crucial in ensuring the efficient and responsive updating of your application’s user interface. Angular uses a mechanism known as change detection to track changes in the application’s data and update the DOM accordingly. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the concept of change detection in Angular, explore its various strategies, and provide practical examples to help you understand how it works in real-world scenarios.

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1. What is Change Detection?

Change detection is identifying and responding to changes in data within an Angular application. Angular applications are dynamic, and as the application state changes, the view needs to be updated to reflect those changes. Angular’s change detection mechanism helps automate this process by detecting changes in the application’s data and updating the view accordingly.

2. Change Detection Strategies:

Angular provides three primary change detection strategies that control how and when change detection is triggered:

a. Default (Automatic) Change Detection:

In the default change detection strategy, Angular automatically triggers change detection whenever an event occurs or data changes. This strategy is suitable for most applications and is easy to use. However, it can potentially lead to performance issues in large applications.

b. OnPush Change Detection:

The OnPush change detection strategy allows you to optimize performance by only triggering change detection when input properties of a component change or when an event originates within the component. This strategy can significantly improve performance by reducing unnecessary change detection cycles.

c. Detached Change Detection:

Detached change detection allows you to manually control when change detection is performed. This can be useful in scenarios where you want to fine-tune the performance of specific components or defer change detection to a later time.

3. How Change Detection Works:

Angular employs a hierarchical tree of components, where each component’s view is associated with a change detector. The change detection process involves traversing this tree, checking for changes in the component’s data, and updating the view accordingly.

4. Example Scenarios and Code Walkthroughs:

a. Default Change Detection Example:

In this example, we’ll demonstrate the default change detection strategy in action.

HTML Template:

  <p>{{ message }}</p>


import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-default-example',
  template: './default-example.component.html',
export class DefaultExampleComponent {
  message = 'Hello, Angular!';

In this example, the default change detection strategy will automatically update the view whenever the message property changes.

b. OnPush Change Detection Example:

Let’s explore the OnPush change detection strategy using a simple scenario.

HTML Template:

  <p>{{ count }}</p>
  <button (click)="increment()">Increment</button>


import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-onpush-example',
  template: './onpush-example.component.html',
  changeDetection: ChangeDetectionStrategy.OnPush,
export class OnPushExampleComponent {
  count = 0;

  increment() {

In this example, the OnPush strategy will trigger change detection only when the count property changes or the increment() method is called.

c. Detached Change Detection Example:

In this example, we’ll use the detached change detection strategy to manually control when change detection occurs.


import { Component, ChangeDetectorRef } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-detached-example',
  template: './detached-example.component.html',
export class DetachedExampleComponent {
  message = 'Initial Message';

  constructor(private cdRef: ChangeDetectorRef) {}

  updateMessage() {
    this.message = 'Updated Message';
    // Detach change detection for the component
  detectChanges() {
    // Manually trigger change detection

5. Best Practices for Optimizing Change Detection:

To ensure efficient change detection and enhance your application’s performance, consider the following best practices:

  • Use the OnPush strategy for components that don’t frequently change.
  • Avoid expensive operations within templates, as they can trigger unnecessary change detection cycles.
  • Utilize the async pipe for handling asynchronous data streams.
  • Minimize the number of two-way data bindings.
  • Leverage NgZone to optimize change detection and manage application zones.

6. Conclusion:

Change detection is a critical aspect of Angular applications, enabling dynamic and responsive user interfaces. By understanding the various change detection strategies and applying best practices, you can optimize the performance of your application while ensuring that your views accurately reflect the underlying data changes. Angular’s flexibility in choosing the appropriate change detection strategy empowers developers to create efficient and performant applications.

In this blog post, we’ve explored the concept of change detection in Angular, discussed its strategies, and provided practical examples to help you grasp the underlying concepts. Armed with this knowledge, you’re well-equipped to make informed decisions about choosing the right change detection strategy for your Angular applications. Happy coding!

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Alka Vats

Alka Vats

Alka Vats is a Software Consultant at Nashtech. She is passionate about web development. She is recognized as a good team player, a dedicated and responsible professional, and a technology enthusiast. She is a quick learner & curious to learn new technologies. Her hobbies include reading books, watching movies, and traveling.

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