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Creating Reusable Angular Components

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Creating Reusable Angular Components


Angular is a powerful front-end framework that allows developers to build dynamic and interactive web applications. One of the key features of Angular is its ability to create reusable components, which can help streamline development, improve code maintainability, and enhance the overall user experience. In this blog, we will explore the concept of creating reusable Angular components and provide you with practical tips and best practices to get started.

Understanding Angular Components

Before diving into the process of creating reusable Angular components, let’s quickly review what Angular components are and why they are essential for building web applications.

What are Angular Components?

In Angular, a component is a fundamental building block of an application. A component is a self-contained unit that encapsulates a specific part of the user interface and its associated functionality. Components are typically used to create UI elements like buttons, forms, navigation bars, and more.

Each Angular component consists of three main parts:

1. Template: The HTML markup that defines the component’s structure and layout.

2. Class: The TypeScript class that defines the component’s behavior and properties.

3. Metadata: Decorators like @Component that provide configuration and metadata about the component.

Why Use Reusable Components?

Creating reusable components in Angular offers several advantages:

1. Modularity: Reusable components promote modularity in your codebase, making it easier to manage and maintain your application.

2. Consistency: Components ensure a consistent look and feel throughout your application, as they can be reused across multiple views or pages.

3. Code Reusability: Reusable components reduce code duplication, saving development time and effort.

4. Testing: Components can be individually tested, which simplifies the testing process and improves code quality.

Now that we understand the importance of reusable components let’s delve into how to create them effectively.

Creating Reusable Angular Components

1. Identify Common UI Elements

To start creating reusable components, identify common UI elements or patterns in your application. For example, buttons, input fields, alerts, and navigation menus are often good candidates for reusable components.

2. Create a New Component

Use the Angular CLI (Command Line Interface) or manually create a new component using the ng generate component command. This command will generate the necessary files and folder structure for your component, including the template, class, and metadata.

ng generate component my-component

3. Design the Component API

Plan the API (Input and Output properties) of your component. Input properties allow you to pass data into the component, while Output properties enable the component to emit events to the parent component. Define these properties in the component class and metadata.

// my-component.component.ts
import { Component, Input, Output, EventEmitter } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-my-component',
  templateUrl: './my-component.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./my-component.component.css'],
export class MyComponent {
  @Input() data: any;
  @Output() clickEvent = new EventEmitter<void>();

4. Create the Template

Design the HTML template for your component, utilizing Angular’s template syntax. Inject dynamic data using property binding and handle user interactions with event binding.

<!-- my-component.component.html -->
  <p>{{ data }}</p>
  <button (click)="clickEvent.emit()">Click me</button>

5. Style the Component

Apply CSS styles to your component to control its appearance. Consider using CSS classes and encapsulated styles for better maintainability and avoid global CSS conflicts.

6. Test the Component

Write unit tests for your component using Angular testing tools like Jasmine and Karma. Ensure that the component behaves as expected and handles different scenarios.

7. Document Your Component

Provide clear documentation for your reusable component, including usage examples and descriptions of input properties and events. This documentation will help other developers understand how to use your component effectively.


Creating reusable Angular components is a fundamental practice for building scalable and maintainable web applications. By identifying common UI elements, designing a well-defined component API, and following best practices, you can create components that enhance code reusability, improve consistency, and ultimately make your development process more efficient. Happy coding!

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Aanchal Agarwal is a Software Consultant at NashTech. Her practice area is web development. She is recognized as a multi-talented, multitasker, and adaptive to the different work environments. Her hobbies include watching movies, listening to music, and traveling. She likes to read books and explore new things.

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