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CSS Grid Layout


CSS Grid Layout has emerged as a powerful tool for creating flexible, responsive, and complex layouts with ease. It provides web developers with a versatile way to arrange elements on a web page, making it an essential skill for anyone looking to build modern, dynamic websites. In this blog, we will delve into the world of CSS Grid Layout, exploring its key concepts, features, and practical applications.

What is CSS Grid Layout?

CSS Grid Layout is a two-dimensional layout system that allows you to create grid-based layouts for your web pages. Unlike traditional layout methods, such as floats and positioning, CSS Grid provides a more intuitive and robust way to arrange elements within a container.

Key Concepts

1. Grid Container: The parent element that holds all the grid items. You define it as a grid by setting its display property to grid.

2. Grid Item: The children of the grid container that are placed within the grid cells.

3. Grid Line: The horizontal and vertical lines that make up the grid. They divide the grid into rows and columns.

4. Grid Cell: The space between two adjacent grid lines, where grid items are placed.

5. Grid Track: A row or column in the grid that runs between two grid lines.

Creating a Basic Grid

Creating a simple grid in CSS Grid Layout is straightforward. Here’s an example:

.grid-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-rows: 100px 200px;
  grid-template-columns: 1fr 2fr;

In this example, we create a grid container with two rows and two columns, with the second column being twice as wide as the first.

Placing Items on the Grid

Once you’ve set up your grid, you can place items inside it. You can use various properties like grid-row and grid-column or shorthand grid-area to specify where an item should be placed within the grid.

.grid-item {
  grid-row: 1 / 3; /* item spans from row 1 to row 3 */
  grid-column: 2 / 3; /* item spans from column 2 to column 3 */

CSS Grid Features

1. Responsive Design

One of the most significant advantages of it is its built-in support for responsive design. By using flexible units like fr (fractional units) and media queries, you can create grids that adapt gracefully to different screen sizes and orientations.

@media (max-width: 768px) {
  .grid-container {
    grid-template-columns: 1fr; /* Single column layout on smaller screens */

2. Grid Gap

You can control the spacing between grid items and grid lines using the grid-gap property. It simplifies the process of creating consistent and visually appealing layouts.

.grid-container {
  grid-gap: 20px;

Practical Applications

It is incredibly versatile and can be used for a wide range of web design tasks, including:

1. Multi-column layouts: Easily create newspaper or magazine-style layouts.

2. Card-based interfaces: Design responsive grids for product listings, portfolios, or social media feeds.

3. Complex forms: Arrange form fields in a structured grid for improved usability.


CSS Grid Layout is a game-changer for web designers and developers, offering a powerful way to create flexible and responsive layouts. By understanding the key concepts and features of CSS Grid Layout and applying them creatively, you can take your web design skills to the next level and build visually stunning and user-friendly websites.

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Aanchal Agarwal is a Software Consultant at NashTech. Her practice area is web development. She is recognized as a multi-talented, multitasker, and adaptive to the different work environments. Her hobbies include watching movies, listening to music, and traveling. She likes to read books and explore new things.

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