NashTech Insights

How to test Your Infrastructure with Terraform: Ensuring Reliability and Quality

Rahul Miglani
Rahul Miglani
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Introduction: In the world of infrastructure-as-code (IaC), testing is an essential practice to ensure the reliability, quality, and stability of your infrastructure deployments. Terraform, an open-source IaC tool developed by HashiCorp, provides robust features that enable you to test your infrastructure code and configurations. By incorporating testing into your Terraform workflow, you can catch potential issues early, minimize risks, and improve the overall quality of your infrastructure. In this blog post, we will explore how to test your infrastructure with Terraform, along with an example Terraform code snippet.

Importance of Testing Infrastructure:

Testing your infrastructure ensures that it behaves as expected and meets your requirements before deployment. It allows you to identify potential misconfigurations, security vulnerabilities, and performance bottlenecks, reducing the chances of costly errors or downtime in production environments. Testing infrastructure with Terraform not only validates your code but also provides confidence in the reliability and resilience of your infrastructure.

Testing Approaches with Terraform:
Unit Testing:

Unit testing focuses on testing individual components or modules of your infrastructure code in isolation. With Terraform, you can leverage frameworks like Terratest or custom testing scripts to write unit tests for your Terraform code. Unit tests verify the correctness of resource configurations, variable assignments, and module outputs. They help identify issues early on and ensure the integrity of your infrastructure codebase.

Integration Testing:

Integration testing evaluates the behavior of your infrastructure code in the context of a larger system. It validates the interactions and dependencies between different components and services. For Terraform, integration testing can involve deploying a complete stack or environment using test-specific configurations and verifying that all resources are provisioned correctly. Tools like Terratest or custom scripts can be used to automate integration tests and capture any inconsistencies or failures.

Compliance Testing:

Compliance testing ensures that your infrastructure adheres to regulatory requirements and organizational policies. Terraform’s declarative nature makes it ideal for defining and testing compliance rules. By using frameworks like InSpec or custom scripts, you can write tests that validate security configurations, access controls, encryption settings, and other compliance-related aspects of your infrastructure.

Example code : Unit Testing with Terraform using Terratest:

Let’s consider an example of unit testing infrastructure code using Terratest, a popular testing framework for Terraform. The following code snippet demonstrates a simple unit test for a Terraform module:

In the example above, we import the necessary testing modules and define a test function using the Test prefix. Inside the test function, we create Terraform options specifying the path to the Terraform module. We then defer the destruction of the created resources to clean up after the test.

The terraform.InitAndApply function initializes and applies the Terraform configuration, provisioning the infrastructure. Finally, we perform assertions using assert statements to validate the expected state of resources and output variables.


Testing your infrastructure with Terraform is crucial for ensuring reliability, quality, and compliance. By incorporating unit testing, integration testing, and compliance testing into your Terraform workflow, you can catch issues early, minimize risks, and deliver robust infrastructure deployments. Terraform’s flexibility and integration with testing frameworks like Terratest empower you to write comprehensive tests and validate your infrastructure code effectively.

By adopting a testing mindset with Terraform, you can gain confidence in the reliability and resilience of your infrastructure, reduce manual efforts, and improve the overall quality of your deployments. Make testing an integral part of your infrastructure-as-code process, and you’ll be on your way to building more stable and scalable infrastructure systems.

Remember, testing is an ongoing process, and as your infrastructure evolves, it’s essential to keep your tests up to date. Regularly review and enhance your tests to reflect changes in your infrastructure code and evolving compliance requirements.

Incorporating testing into your Terraform workflow is a key step towards ensuring the reliability and quality of your infrastructure. Start leveraging the power of Terraform’s testing capabilities today, and build a robust and resilient infrastructure that meets the needs of your organization.

Happy testing with Terraform!

Rahul Miglani

Rahul Miglani

Rahul Miglani is Vice President at NashTech and Heads the DevOps Competency and also Heads the Cloud Engineering Practice. He is a DevOps evangelist with a keen focus to build deep relationships with senior technical individuals as well as pre-sales from customers all over the globe to enable them to be DevOps and cloud advocates and help them achieve their automation journey. He also acts as a technical liaison between customers, service engineering teams, and the DevOps community as a whole. Rahul works with customers with the goal of making them solid references on the Cloud container services platforms and also participates as a thought leader in the docker, Kubernetes, container, cloud, and DevOps community. His proficiency includes rich experience in highly optimized, highly available architectural decision-making with an inclination towards logging, monitoring, security, governance, and visualization.

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