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Role of Components in Angular Architecture

Alka Vats
Alka Vats
Table of Contents


Angular is a powerful front-end framework that follows the component-based architecture. Components are the building blocks of Angular applications, responsible for defining the UI, handling user interactions, and managing data for specific parts of the application. In this blog, we will explore the role of components in Angular architecture and how they contribute to creating modular and maintainable applications, supported by practical examples.

If you want to learn one more feature of angular, you can refer here.

Understanding Components in Angular

Components encapsulate the presentation and behavior of a part of the user interface (UI). Each component typically represents a specific feature or section of the application. Components are reusable, which means they can be placed throughout the application and even in multiple applications.

Key Features of Components:

  1. Encapsulation: Components have their own template, styles, and logic, providing encapsulation of UI and behavior.
  2. Reusability: Components can be reused across different parts of the application, enhancing code efficiency.
  3. Communication: Components can communicate with each other using input and output properties and services.
  4. Lifecycle Hooks: Components have lifecycle hooks that allow developers to execute code at specific stages of the component lifecycle.

Creating a Simple Angular Component

Let’s create a simple Angular component to better understand its structure and role in the application.

Step 1: Generate a New Angular Component

To generate a new component, use the Angular CLI (Command Line Interface) with the following command:

ng generate component my-component

Step 2: Explore the Component Files

After generating the component, the Angular CLI will create the necessary files and folder structure for the new component, including .ts, .html, .css, and .spec.ts files.


This TypeScript file defines the component class, which contains the component’s logic and data.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-my-component',
  templateUrl: './my-component.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./my-component.component.css']
export class MyComponentComponent {
  // Component logic and data go here

This HTML file represents the template of the component, defining how the component should be rendered.

  <h1>Hello from My Component!</h1>

This CSS file contains the component-specific styles.

div {
  background-color: lightblue;
  padding: 20px;

Step 3: Add the Component to the Application

To use the newly created component in the application, add its selector to the main app.component.html file:


The Role of Components in Angular Architecture

Components play a vital role in the overall architecture of an Angular application. Here are the key aspects of their role:

  1. Building Blocks: Components are the fundamental building blocks of the application’s user interface. By breaking the UI into smaller, manageable components, the application becomes more organized and easier to maintain.
  2. Modularity: Components promote modularity, allowing different teams to work on different components independently. This modular approach simplifies the development process and makes the application more scalable.
  3. Separation of Concerns: Components separate the concerns of the application by encapsulating the template, styles, and logic. This separation makes code maintenance and debugging more manageable.
  4. Data Binding and Interaction: Components facilitate data binding, allowing data to flow between the component class and the template. They also handle user interactions and respond to events, making the application interactive and user-friendly.
Example: Building a Task Manager Application

Let’s consider a simple Task Manager application to illustrate the role of components in the Angular architecture.

  1. TaskListComponent: This component will display a list of tasks fetched from a service.
  2. TaskItemComponent: This component will represent an individual task with options to edit or delete it.
  3. TaskFormComponent: This component will display a form to add new tasks.

Each of these components can be created independently and reused throughout the application. They encapsulate their logic, templates, and styles, ensuring that changes in one component do not affect the others. The communication between these components can be handled through input and output properties or services.


Components are the core building blocks in Angular applications. They play a significant role in defining the user interface, handling user interactions, and managing data for specific sections of the application. By using components, Angular promotes modularity, separation of concerns, and reusability, making the development process more organized and maintainable.

In this blog, we explored the features of components, created a simple Angular component, and discussed the role of components in Angular architecture. Understanding the importance of components in Angular will help you design scalable and efficient applications with a clean and modular architecture. Happy coding with Angular components!

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Alka Vats

Alka Vats

Alka Vats is a Software Consultant at Nashtech. She is passionate about web development. She is recognized as a good team player, a dedicated and responsible professional, and a technology enthusiast. She is a quick learner & curious to learn new technologies. Her hobbies include reading books, watching movies, and traveling.

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