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Techniques for Optimizing Angular Application Startup Time in Angular

Alka Vats
Alka Vats
Table of Contents


Angular is a powerful and feature-rich front-end framework for building modern web applications. While Angular offers great performance, optimizing application startup time is crucial to deliver a smooth and seamless user experience. In this blog, we will explore several techniques for optimizing Angular application startup time, along with practical examples.

If you want to learn about the NGRX, state management angular, you can refer here.

Lazy Loading Modules

Lazy loading is a powerful technique that helps reduce the initial bundle size of an Angular application. By lazy loading modules, you can defer the loading of specific parts of the application until they are required. This way, the main bundle loaded on application startup remains small and faster to load.


Assume you have a feature module called AdminModule. Instead of loading it eagerly in the AppModule, you can configure it for lazy loading in your routing module:

// app-routing.module.ts
const routes: Routes = [
  { path: '', loadChildren: () => import('./home/home.module').then(m => m.HomeModule) },
  { path: 'admin', loadChildren: () => import('./admin/admin.module').then(m => m.AdminModule) },
  // Other routes...

Ahead-of-Time (AOT) Compilation

As discussed in a previous blog, AOT compilation significantly improves application startup time by precompiling templates and generating optimized JavaScript code. AOT eliminates the need for the template compiler in the client’s browser, resulting in faster loading times.


To enable AOT compilation, use the --aot flag during the build process:

ng build --aot

Tree Shaking

Tree shaking is a process that removes unused code from the final production bundle. By eliminating dead code, you can further reduce the bundle size and improve application startup time. Ensure that your application is correctly configured for tree shaking.


Ensure that your tsconfig.json file has the "removeComments": true option to remove unnecessary comments during the build:

  "compilerOptions": {
    "removeComments": true,
    // Other options...
  // Other configurations...

Optimize Third-party Libraries

Many third-party libraries used in Angular applications may include unnecessary code that impacts startup time. Consider using optimized versions or selectively importing only the required components or functions from these libraries.


Instead of importing the entire library:

import * as moment from 'moment';

Import only the required function:

import { format } from 'moment';

Use Angular CLI’s Production Build

Angular CLI offers a production build mode that applies various optimizations, including AOT compilation, minification, and tree shaking. Using the production build mode is essential for reducing bundle size and improving startup time.


For the production build, use the --prod flag:

ng build --prod

Service Workers and Progressive Web Apps (PWAs)

Implementing service workers for Progressive Web Apps (PWAs) allows your application to cache resources and serve them locally, reducing the need for repeated network requests. This technique improves subsequent application loads and overall user experience.


To create a PWA using Angular, use the Angular CLI command:

ng add @angular/pwa


Optimizing Angular application startup time is vital for delivering a fast and responsive user experience. By implementing techniques like lazy loading modules, AOT compilation, tree shaking, optimizing third-party libraries, using production builds, and enabling service workers for PWAs, you can significantly improve your application’s loading performance.

Remember to regularly analyze and optimize your application’s performance using tools like Lighthouse or Chrome DevTools. Continuously monitoring and refining your application’s performance will ensure that it remains fast and efficient, even as it grows. By following the examples and techniques discussed in this blog, you can build highly performant Angular applications that provide an outstanding user experience. Happy optimizing!

Finally, for more such posts, please follow our LinkedIn page- FrontEnd Competency.

Alka Vats

Alka Vats

Alka Vats is a Software Consultant at Nashtech. She is passionate about web development. She is recognized as a good team player, a dedicated and responsible professional, and a technology enthusiast. She is a quick learner & curious to learn new technologies. Her hobbies include reading books, watching movies, and traveling.

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