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Testing Reducers in NGRX Store

Alka Vats
Alka Vats
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In Angular applications, the NGRX Store is a popular choice for state management. Reducers are a critical part of the NGRX Store, responsible for updating the application state based on dispatched actions. Testing reducers ensures the correctness of state transitions and helps maintain a reliable and predictable state management system. In this blog post, we will explore in-depth how to test reducers in the NGRX Store, covering important concepts and providing detailed examples to demonstrate the process.

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Understanding Reducers in NGRX Store:

Reducers in the NGRX Store are pure functions that take the current state and an action as input and return a new state. They follow the principles of immutability and predictability. When testing reducers, we want to verify that the state updates correctly based on different actions.

Setting up the Testing Environment:

Before we begin testing reducers, we need to set up the testing environment in our Angular application. Follow these steps to configure the necessary dependencies and modules:

a) Install the required dependencies:
npm install @ngrx/store-testing jasmine
b) Create a testing module:

Create a testing module that imports the necessary dependencies and provides the reducers and any other dependencies required for testing.

c) Configure the TestBed:

In your test setup, configure the TestBed to use the testing module you created in the previous step.

Writing Tests for Reducers:

When testing reducers, it’s important to focus on two key aspects: the initial state and the state changes based on different actions.

a) Testing the Initial State:

To ensure that the reducer returns the correct initial state when no actions are dispatched, we can write a test case to validate this behavior.

Example Test for Initial State:

import { initialState, myReducer } from './my.reducer';

describe('My Reducer', () => {
  it('should return initial state', () => {
    const action = {} as any;
    const state = myReducer(undefined, action);

In this example, we import the initial state and the reducer from the my.reducer file. We then dispatch an empty action and expect the reducer to return the initial state. By comparing the state with the expected initial state, we ensure that the reducer behaves correctly.

b) Testing State Changes:

Next, we want to test how the reducer handles state changes based on different actions. We dispatch specific actions and validate that the reducer returns the updated state as expected.

Example Test for State Changes:

import { initialState, myReducer, MyActionTypes } from './my.reducer';

describe('My Reducer', () => {
  it('should update state for MyAction', () => {
    const payload = 'Updated Data';
    const action = { type: MyActionTypes.MyAction, payload };
    const state = myReducer(initialState, action);

In this example, we import the initial state, the reducer, and the action types from the my.reducer file. We create a specific action (MyAction) with a payload and dispatch it to the reducer. We then expect the reducer to update the state correctly. By asserting that the data property in the updated state matches the provided payload, we ensure that the reducer behaves as expected.

Running Reducer Tests:

To execute the reducer tests, run the test command in your Angular project:

ng test

Ensure that the reducer tests are included in the test suite and that they pass successfully. This will validate the correctness of your reducer implementation and provide confidence in the state management of your application.


Testing reducers in the NGRX Store is crucial for ensuring the correctness of state transitions in Angular applications. By following the steps outlined in this blog post and writing comprehensive tests for the initial state and state changes, you can validate the behavior of your reducers effectively. Thoroughly tested reducers contribute to the reliability and maintainability of your application’s state management. Adopting a robust testing approach for reducers helps in delivering high-quality software and a superior user experience.

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Alka Vats

Alka Vats

Alka Vats is a Software Consultant at Nashtech. She is passionate about web development. She is recognized as a good team player, a dedicated and responsible professional, and a technology enthusiast. She is a quick learner & curious to learn new technologies. Her hobbies include reading books, watching movies, and traveling.

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