NashTech Insights

TypeScript Interfaces vs. Types

Table of Contents
TypeScript Interfaces vs. Types


TypeScript offers two primary constructs: Interfaces and Types. While they might seem similar at first glance, Interfaces and Types serve slightly different purposes, and understanding their distinctions can greatly enhance your development workflow. In this blog, we’ll delve into the nuances of TypeScript Interfaces and Types to help you make informed decisions when choosing between them.

TypeScript Interfaces

Interfaces in TypeScript are used to define the structure of an object or a class. They provide a contract that specifies what properties and methods an object must have to adhere to a certain shape. Interfaces are a powerful tool for creating clear and consistent APIs, as they enable you to define expected shapes that multiple objects or classes should conform to.

interface Person {
  firstName: string;
  lastName: string;
  age: number;

const person: Person = {
  firstName: "John",
  lastName: "Doe",
  age: 30,

Interfaces can also extend other interfaces, allowing you to build upon existing definitions:

interface Employee extends Person {
  employeeId: string;
  position: string;

const employee: Employee = {
  firstName: "Jane",
  lastName: "Smith",
  age: 25,
  employeeId: "123456",
  position: "Developer",

TypeScript Types

Types, on the other hand, are more flexible constructs that can represent not only object shapes but also union types, intersections, and more. They are often used to define aliases for complex types or to create type unions:

type ID = string | number;

type Status = "active" | "inactive" | "pending";

type Result<T> = {
  success: boolean;
  data: T;

Types are particularly useful when working with complex and dynamic data structures that don’t strictly adhere to a fixed shape.

Choosing Between Interfaces and Types

The decision to use Interfaces or Types depends on the context and the desired level of abstraction. Here are some guidelines to help you make the right choice:

Use Interfaces

  • When defining the structure of objects or classes that adhere to a specific contract.
  • When building clear and consistent APIs that multiple objects should implement.
  • When extending existing interface definitions to add new properties or methods.

Use Types

  • When creating type aliases for complex, reusable types or unions.
  • When dealing with dynamic or disjointed data structures that don’t have a fixed shape.
  • When combining existing types using intersections or unions.

Combining Interfaces and Types

In many cases, they both can be used together to leverage their respective strengths. You can use an interface to define an initial contract and then use a type to create a more complex structure:

interface Product {
  id: number;
  name: string;

type DetailedProduct = Product & {
  description: string;
  price: number;

This combination enables you to maintain the clarity and consistency of interfaces while accommodating more intricate data structures using types.


In TypeScript, both Interfaces and Types play crucial roles in shaping your data structures and type definitions. Interfaces are best suited for establishing clear contracts between objects, while Types provide greater flexibility for creating aliases and handling complex types.

Finally, for more such updates and to read more about such topics, please follow our LinkedIn page Frontend Competency



Aanchal Agarwal is a Software Consultant at NashTech. Her practice area is web development. She is recognized as a multi-talented, multitasker, and adaptive to the different work environments. Her hobbies include watching movies, listening to music, and traveling. She likes to read books and explore new things.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Suggested Article

%d bloggers like this: