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TypeScript vs. JavaScript: A Comprehensive Comparison with Example

Alka Vats
Alka Vats
Table of Contents


TypeScript and JavaScript are both widely used programming languages in web development. While JavaScript has been the language of choice for front-end and back-end development for many years, TypeScript has gained popularity as a superset of JavaScript that offers additional features and advantages. In this blog post, we will explore the similarities and differences between TypeScript and JavaScript in more detail with the example, providing examples to illustrate their contrasting features and use cases.

If you want to learn about the basics of promises, you can refer here.

Static Typing:

JavaScript is dynamically typed, meaning variables can hold values of any type, and type-checking is performed at runtime. For example:

let message = "Hello, World!";
message = 42; // No type error

TypeScript introduces static typing, allowing developers to specify variable types at compile time. This helps catch potential errors early on. For example:

let message: string = "Hello, World!";
message = 42; // Type error: Type 'number' is not assignable to type 'string'

In this example, TypeScript detects the type mismatch between the variable message and the assigned value 42 at compile-time, whereas JavaScript allows the assignment without raising any errors.

Type Inference:

Since JavaScript is dynamically typed, variable types are inferred at runtime based on the assigned values. For example:

let number = 42; // Inferred type: number

TypeScript provides static type inference based on the assigned values, enabling type checking during development. For example:

let number = 42; // Inferred type: number

In this case, TypeScript infers the type of the variable number as number based on the assigned value 42. This allows for early detection of potential type-related issues during development.

Code Maintainability and Readability:

JavaScript allows for more flexible and concise code due to its dynamic nature. However, this flexibility can lead to potential bugs and make the code harder to maintain and understand.

By enforcing static types, TypeScript enhances code maintainability and readability. It enables developers to understand the expected data types, provides better autocompletion and documentation, and reduces the chances of introducing certain types of errors.

Consider the following TypeScript example:

function multiply(a: number, b: number): number {
  return a * b;

const result = multiply(5, "10"); // Type error: Argument of type '"10"' is not assignable to parameter of type 'number'

In this example, TypeScript identifies the type mismatch between the expected parameters of the multiply function and the provided arguments, and it raises a type error at compile-time. This helps prevent potential runtime errors and improves code maintainability.

Tooling and IDE Support:

JavaScript is well-supported by various IDEs and code editors, providing syntax highlighting, code completion, and debugging capabilities.

TypeScript offers even better tooling support, including advanced autocompletion, code navigation, and refactoring options. IDEs like Visual Studio Code provide excellent TypeScript integration, enabling developers to benefit from enhanced productivity and a more robust development experience.

Compatibility with Existing JavaScript Code:

JavaScript code can be seamlessly integrated with new JavaScript frameworks and libraries. It runs in any modern web browser without any additional compilation step.

TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript, meaning that all valid JavaScript code is also valid TypeScript code. Existing JavaScript projects can be gradually migrated to TypeScript by simply renaming the files with a .ts extension and incrementally adding type annotations.


TypeScript and JavaScript have their own strengths and use cases. JavaScript offers flexibility and a shallow learning curve, making it suitable for quick prototyping and smaller projects. On the other hand, TypeScript provides static typing, enhanced tooling, and improved code maintainability, making it an excellent choice for larger projects and teams focused on scalability and long-term maintenance. By understanding the differences between TypeScript and JavaScript, developers can make informed decisions when choosing the correct language for their web development endeavors.

Finally, for more such posts, please follow our LinkedIn page- FrontEnd Competency.

Alka Vats

Alka Vats

Alka Vats is a Software Consultant at Nashtech. She is passionate about web development. She is recognized as a good team player, a dedicated and responsible professional, and a technology enthusiast. She is a quick learner & curious to learn new technologies. Her hobbies include reading books, watching movies, and traveling.

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