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Understanding Template and templateUrl in Angular

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Understanding Template and templateUrl in Angular


Angular is a popular open-source JavaScript framework for building dynamic web applications. It provides developers with powerful tools to create reusable components and templates that make web development more efficient and maintainable. Two key concepts that help achieve this are Template and templateUrl in Angular. In this blog, we’ll explore what Template and templateUrl in Angular are and how they can be used effectively in your applications.

What is a Template in Angular?

In Angular, a template is an HTML structure that defines the view or user interface of a component. Templates are a fundamental part of Angular development as they determine how the component will render its content to the user. You can think of templates as the visual part of a component, specifying what the user sees and interacts with.

Inline Templates

Angular allows you to define templates directly within your component file using the template property. Here’s an example:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-inline-template',
  template: '<h1>Hello, {{ name }}</h1>'
export class InlineTemplateComponent {
  name = 'Angular Developer';

In this example, the template property contains the HTML structure, which includes an <h1> element with an interpolated {{ name }} variable. The content of the name variable is dynamically displayed in the template.

Advantages of Inline Templates

1. Simplicity: Inline templates are straightforward and suitable for small, simple components.

2. Portability: Everything related to the component, including its template, is contained in a single file, making it easy to manage and share.

However, as your application grows, you may find it beneficial to use an external template file, which is where templateUrl comes into play.


The templateUrl property in Angular allows you to reference an external HTML file as the template for your component. This approach separates the presentation logic from the component logic. Let’s look at an example:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-external-template',
  templateUrl: './external-template.component.html'
export class ExternalTemplateComponent {
  name = 'Angular Developer';

In this example, the templateUrl property references an external file named external-template.component.html. This file contains the actual HTML template:

<!-- external-template.component.html -->
<h1>Hello, {{ name }}</h1>

Advantages of templateUrl

1. Separation of Concerns: By using an external template file, you separate the structure of your component from its logic, making your codebase more maintainable and scalable.

2. Improved Maintainability: With large applications, having templates in separate files makes it more manageable and easier to maintain. Teams can work on different aspects of a component without interfering with each other’s work.

3. Tooling Support: External templates can be edited with HTML editors or specialized Angular tools, enhancing developer productivity.

Choosing Between template and templateUrl

Deciding whether to use template or templateUrl depends on your project’s requirements and complexity:

  • Use template for small, simple components or when prototyping to keep everything in one file for quick development.
  • Use templateUrl for larger, more complex components or when you want to promote code separation and reusability. This approach becomes increasingly valuable as your project grows.


In Angular, template and templateUrl play a crucial role in defining the user interface of components. Whether you choose to define your template inline or in an external file depends on the specific needs of your project. Understanding when to use template and when to use templateUrl is an essential skill for any Angular developer.

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Aanchal Agarwal is a Software Consultant at NashTech. Her practice area is web development. She is recognized as a multi-talented, multitasker, and adaptive to the different work environments. Her hobbies include watching movies, listening to music, and traveling. She likes to read books and explore new things.

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